Environmental Sustainability With humanities growing knowledge of skills and technology, we have been able to manipulate nature to meet the growing needs of humans. By doing this humans have fished, gathered species, hunted for food, fuel, and shelter. Humans have domesticated plants and animals, cut forests, used anything from fire to technological advancements to alter habitats, and have significantly changes chemical hydrological and geochemical cycles. As a result humans do not reflect what life on earth is, but changes to landscape and sea reflect human culture.
See the original interview here at E-International Relations.
Where do you see the most exciting research and debates occurring in your field? There are so many interesting research niches and debates to explore and unpack in international environmental politics at the moment.
The interface between human systems and ecological systems is a good place to start. From a theoretical perspective, the application of complex systems thinking shows promise in taking international relations theorizing beyond state centrism and anthropocentrism in incorporating ecosystems into analyses of international affairs as a dynamic force, with which humans are inter-dependent.
This process is beginning to reconfigure how we organize our economies and the political and social relationships which emerge from that. Right now, new economic, political, and social paradigms rooted in sustainability are evolving and present a window of opportunity to lay the foundation for a new set of social and ecological relations that will help us mitigate environmental harms and adapt to systemic change.
There is important work to be done on this sustainability transition in relation to resilience and environmental security, questions about the merits of horizontal versus vertical governance models, about social movements and the salience of grassroots environmental action, and, among other things.
Most obviously the agreement will continue to be the vehicle through which the international community negotiates and coordinates greenhouse gas mitigation at a global level. However, it can also be viewed as a blueprint for the rollout of the post-carbon economy as it transitions away from fossil fuel energy.
A combination of the climate emergency and market behaviors are making fossil fuel energy uneconomic. Many countries and sub-national jurisdictions are implementing carbon-pricing mechanisms that will eventually coalesce into larger international schemes. Inherent to these developments are debates over the nature of sustainability, different development models, and the political impact of green technologies and post-carbon energy systems.
The debate over the hegemonic transition and the relative decline of the United States has become intertwined with the sustainability transition.
China is a world leader in green and alternative energy technologies and is thus well placed to be the dominant player in the post-carbon international economy, at the same time as the Trump administration has doubled down on fossil fuel-based industries and confirmed its intention to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement.
The agreement can be viewed through a justice and intersectionality lens, examining issues such as indigenous rights, gendered dimensions of climate vulnerability and adaptation, and inter-generational justice.
Justice considerations are for me integral to the sustainability transition because a resilient society, webbed together by equitable distributions of resources and strong bonds of social capital, is necessarily a just society.
The kinds of hate and violence we see in many quarters across the world at the present time are a direct threat to our resilience to environmental shocks. My current research interests explore the interface between grassroots sustainability initiatives, governments, civil society and international politics, and the contested space of the sustainability transition where these actors interact and intersect.
How has the way you understand the world changed over time, and what or who prompted the most significant shifts in your thinking? Many of my life experiences outside of academia have influenced my intellectual development and in turn shaped how I see the world. A few come to mind as particularly formative.
As a high school student, listening to the lyrics and themes of non-mainstream music such as hip hop at that time and grindcore metal I discovered social justice issues like racism and class politics.
Looking back with a critical eye, some artists from those musical styles could also be problematic in their misogyny, homophobia and glorification of violence.
Nonetheless, that music formed the beginning of my political education and opened my eyes to a world beyond my immediate horizon, well before I started formally studying politics. Just as the golden age of hip hop began to wane in the mids as the genre became commercialized and diluted through mainstream success, so too did multilateral environmentalism began to flounder as governments realized the scope and scale of systemic change required to address transnational environmental problems, and as entrenched interests in polluting industries stepped up their campaigns in opposition to environmental regulations.
So it was through drawing this connection between music and real-world events that my political imagination was born.
I also use this analogy as a critical thinking prompt for students in my Global Environmental Politics class.
Spending a semester studying in South Korea in sparked my interest in Northeast Asia. Being immersed in that experience was intoxicating, however that trip also taught me an understanding of modern Asian history and a new cultural consciousness through immersion in Korean society, which gave me a basis for comparison with my ordinary life back in Australia.
From that point on, Korea has been a passion and soon became the focus of my academic work. In I completed a permaculture design course. Permaculture is a design system that aims to re-create human agricultural, social and economic systems to mimic and harmonize more intimately with ecological systems, such that they become sustainable.
While it was developed in the s for agricultural systems, practitioners around the world are now applying permaculture design in all kinds of contexts, including alternative economic models, community organisation, institutional governance, and education, among other things.
I was drawn to permaculture in search of a methodology for putting my environmental politics convictions into practice in a tangible way.
I now teach into the permaculture design course at CERES Community Environment Park in Melbourne, where I get to engage with people from many different walks of life who are converging and searching for a method to integrate sustainability into personal and professional lives.
Permaculture has also influenced my academic practice, both in terms of my research in environmental politics and in the multifunctional approach to pedagogical design I have been developing over the past three years.
The coalitions and grassroots networks emerging across the world in response to Trump is the kind of social infrastructure that is more suited to horizontally-organized social systems that seem to be emerging as the great transition progresses.
Whatever happens, the Trump presidency will go down as a pivotal moment in the sustainability transition. Could you expand on this?State Soveriegnty And Environmental Sustainability Essay, Research Paper State Sovereignty vs. Environmental Sustainability With humanities growing knowledge of skills and technology, we have been able to created problems in international relations.
The contributions reveal that, in theoretical terms, the interaction between global environmental change and the nation state is linked to three core ideas of international relations .
This paper examines the relationship between the development of the dominant industrial food system and its associated global economic drivers and the environmental sustainability of agricultural. Environmental Sustainability; Global Perspectives; Social Justice; international policies and movements for sustainability, and food sovereignty/security.
Examination of how communication among states and non-state entities shapes international relations, from the perspective of various theoretical and epistemological approaches. Humanities Essay Examples. 20 total results.
A Dream of Learning About the Performing Arts. words. A Comparison and relations of the State Sovereignty and Environmental Sustainability.
1, words. 3 pages. A Paper in Humanities on Poverty and Culture. words. Philip McMichael was interviewed by the Transnational Institute, Amsterdam, on the connection between the land grab and the food crisis.
'Food system sustainability: questions of environmental governance in the new world (dis)order,' Global Environmental Change, 21(3):