It is, however, vintage DFW and hence cannot be rated below 5 stars, even if a couple of essays were so-so.
The Bilderberg Group and the project of European unification Prof. Giddens,; Scott, This was in sharp contrast with the USA, where the impetus of C. There has been nothing in Britain of comparable scope or detail to the work conducted in the USA by G.
The present article is concerned with one specific facet of American power-structure research which, I believe, has important implications for the study of power in the UK. It is one among a number of little-publicised institutions which have played an important role providing a means for debates and discussions to take place amongst different capitalist groups and different national governments over long-term planning issues and, especially, in Co-ordinating strategic policy at an international level.
Other such bodies on this trans-national scale include the Council on Foreign Relations CFR in the USA, with its UK sister organisation, the Royal Institute of International Affairs otherwise known simply as Chatham House and the Trilateral Commission which itself grew out of Bilderberg meetings and has been essentially a more globalist version of the latter, since it incorporates Japanese representatives.
Each of these bodies will be mentioned in what follows.
To anticipate what will be said later, I believe that one of the key assumptions often made by structural Marxists, namely that the capitalist class is always divided into competing fractions which have no mechanisms for co-ordination other than the state, is not empirically sustainable.
Bilderberg is one of these mechanisms. And die recent work of. The beginnings of a clarification of these events were made with the pioneering analysis of Kees Van der Pijl, in conjunction with other Dutch Marxist scholars Fennema, Overbeek etc.
The Marshall Plan is named after the speech on June 5 by US Secretary of State Marshall, which invited European countries to join in a co-operative plan for economic reconstruction, with explicit requirements for trade liberalisation and increases in productivity. Well over influential individuals academics and business leadersat least 5 cabinet levels departments and 12 separate government agencies, bureaux or offices were involved in this.
There were altogether meetings and no less than separate documents produced. I find it frankly astonishing that virtually none of the British academic scholarship on this period even acknowledges the existence of the CFR, let alone the War and Peace Study Groups.
Evidence is surely required to show that they had no influence, if that is what scholars believe. The plan which Marshall presented in his speech had already been outlined in the proposals of a CFR study group of headed by the lawyer Charles M.
To trace the origin of the movement for European unification, however, requires that we go back to May 8 and an address given at Chatham House by a Pole named Joseph Retinger. In this talk he outlined a plan for a federal Europe in which the states would relinquish part of their sovereignty. During the war Retinger worked closely with van Zeeland and other exile leaders who would become prominent in the Bilderberg network, including Paul Rijkens, whom we will meet again shortly.
The ideas adumbrated by Retinger were not new: Mr Leffingwell, senior partner in J. John Foster Dulles also agreed to help. The names mentioned above are significant in the present context: US funding for the European Movement extended beyondmost of it going to the European Youth Campaign, initiated by John McCloy, whose own career virtually personifies the Atlantic ruling class as a whole: Morgan financier and later US ambassador to Britainafter which he became a director of both the Chase Manhattan Bank and the Ford Foundation in He was also an active member of the Bilderberg Group, becoming chair of the Council on Foreign Relations itself.Prairie Schooner David Foster Wallace.
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