Causes and Effects of Urbanization in India! Urbanisation has become a common feature of Indian society. Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. As a result of industrialisation people have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment.
Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow.
It can also be termed as the progressive increase of the number of people living in towns and cities. It is highly influenced by the notion that cities and towns have achieved better economic, political, and social mileages compared to the rural areas.
These include social and economic advantages such as better education, health care, sanitation, housing, business opportunities, and transportation. Therefore, as populations move to more developed areas towns and cities the immediate outcome is urbanization. This normally contributes to the development of land for use in commercial properties, social and economic support institutions, transportation, and residential buildings.
Eventually, these activities raise several urbanization issues. To learn more about urbanization, here are its causes, effects and solutions. Causes of Urbanization Industrialization Industrialization is a trend representing a shift from the old agricultural economics to novel non-agricultural economy, which creates a modernized society.
Through industrial revolution, more people have been attracted to move from rural to urban areas on the account of improved employment opportunities. Industrialization has increased employment opportunities by giving people the chance to work in modern sectors in job categories that aids to stir economic developments.
Commercialization Commerce and trade play a major role in urbanization. The distribution of goods and services and commercial transactions in the modern era has developed modern marketing institutions and exchange methods that have tremendously given rise to the growth of towns and cities.
Commercialization and trade comes with the general perception that the towns and cities offer better commercial opportunities and returns compared to the rural areas.
Social benefits and services There are numerous social benefits attributed to life in the cities and towns. Examples include better educational facilities, better living standards, better sanitation and housing, better health care, better recreation facilities, and better social life in general.
On this account, more and more people are prompted to migrate into cities and towns to obtain the wide variety of social benefits and services which are unavailable in the rural areas. Employment opportunities In cities and towns, there are ample job opportunities that continually draw people from the rural areas to seek better livelihood.
Therefore, the majority of people frequently migrate into urban areas to access well paying jobs as urban areas have countless employment opportunities in all developmental sectors such as public health, education, transport, sports and recreation, industries, and business enterprises.
Services and industries generate and increase higher value-added jobs, and this leads to more employment opportunities.
Modernization and changes in the mode of living Modernization plays a very important role in the process of urbanization. As urban areas become more technology savvy together with highly sophisticated communication, infrastructure, medical facilities, dressing code, enlightenment, liberalization, and other social amenities availability, people believe they can lead a happy life in cities.
In urban areas, people also embrace changes in the modes of living namely residential habits, attitudes, dressing, food, and beliefs. As a result, people migrate to cities and the cities grow by absorbing the growing number of people day after day.Urbanization causes environmental and economic strain on land and people.
Additionally, urbanization can indirectly affect society by contributing to health problems as a result of pollution and food shortages.
More than half of the world's population lives in an urban setting. Many people relocate. Urbanization causes environmental and economic strain on land and people.
Additionally, urbanization can indirectly affect society by contributing to health problems as a result of pollution and food shortages. More than half of the world's population lives in an urban setting. Many people relocate. Most of the people see only negative sides of urbanization such as highly increasing pollution, lack of resources, destruction of habitats, social inequality etc.
Society sees urbanization rather as a problem, not an opportunity, although there are also lot of positive effects of urbanization. Here are some of the benefits from this process listed. Urbanization: Causes and Effects of Urbanization in India! Urbanisation has become a common feature of Indian society.
Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. As a result of industrialisation people have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment. This. Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow.
It can also be termed as the progressive increase of . Environmental Effects of Urbanization. Urban populations interact with their environment. Urban people change their environment through their consumption of food, energy, water, and land. And in turn, the polluted urban environment affects the health and quality of life of the urban population.