This document contains important information about my professional services and business policies.
Breast reduction surgery has been offered to a patient as a treatment option for her chronic back pain and discomfort. Although twice daily dressing changes have been ordered for a patient, he consistently refuses his evening dressing change.
What is informed consent? If the patient is not capable of making the treatment decision, consent is sought from their substitute decision-maker s.
By law, the healthcare professional proposing treatment is required to give the information that a reasonable person would require in order to make a decision about the treatment. The healthcare professional is also required to answer any questions the patient or substitute decision-maker s might have regarding the treatment.
By having this information, the patient or the substitute decision-maker s can make an informed decision to consent or refuse to consent to the treatment. When must consent be obtained?
Consent is required for anything done for a therapeutic, preventive, palliative, diagnostic, cosmetic, or other health-related purpose, and includes a course of treatment, plan of treatment or community treatment plan. What are the elements of consent?
It must relate to the treatment consent for one treatment does not necessarily imply consent for another treatment ; It must be informed the kind of information to be provided is described below ; It must be given voluntarily a person should not feel pressured or forced into making a particular decision ; and It must not be obtained through misrepresentation or fraud the information given should be accurate and unbiased.
What information should be provided? By law, the healthcare professional should provide the following information: The type of treatment and what it involves; The expected benefits of the treatment; The risks of the treatment including those that are common, as well as those that are less common but are serious ; The side effects of the treatment including those that are common, as well as those that are less common but are serious ; Alternative courses of action; and The likely consequences of not having the treatment.
Who can provide consent? In order to provide consent, the person must be able to understand the information and appreciate the consequences of the treatment decision. This is referred to as capacity.
It is the responsibility of the healthcare professional proposing the treatment to determine if the person has capacity to consent to the treatment. If the healthcare professional finds that a patient does not have the capacity to make a decision, consent will be sought from a substitute decision maker s.
The substitute decision maker soften a family member, will receive the same information as a patient. For more information on substitute decision-making see the Regional Ethics Program Brochure: If a person is able to understand the information related to the treatment and appreciate the consequences of the treatment decision then the person can consent to the treatment.
When is consent not required?STANDARD 2 Human service professionals obtain informed consent to provide services to clients at the beginning of the helping relationship.
Clients should be informed that they may withdraw consent at any time except where denied by court order and should be able to ask questions before agreeing to the services. The informed consent process also is required by the ethics code and in the licensing laws and regulations of each of the mental health professions.
Licensing laws and regulations make clear the legal requirements and obligations for informed consent. Informed consent is the process by which the treating health care provider discloses appropriate information to a competent patient so that the patient may make a voluntary choice to accept or refuse treatment.
(Appelbaum, )1 It originates from the legal and ethical right the patient has to. Informed consent in ethics usually refers to the idea that a person must be fully informed about and understand the potential benefits and risks of their choice of treatment.
A correlate to "informed consent" is the concept of informed refusal. (a) When psychologists conduct research or provide assessment, therapy, counseling, or consulting services in person or via electronic transmission or other forms of communication, they obtain the informed consent of the individual or individuals using language that is reasonably understandable to that person or persons except when conducting.
What is informed consent and when, why, and how must it be obtained? an investigator might tell a prospective subject that he or she will lose access to needed health services if he or she does not participate in the research. students must be informed of non-research alternatives involving comparable time and effort to fulfill those.