Ellen Deterding World Englishes, Vol.
In the past, this racial mixture has lead to some conflict. However, today most Singaporeans enjoy racial harmony and national unity. Each group works hard to maintain its cultural traditions while building a modern, cohesive society. Singaporeans of the younger generation think of themselves as Singaporean first, and as Chinese, Malay or Indian second.
Meeting and Greeting Shake hands with everyone present at a business meeting or social occasion. Shake hands again when leaving.
Your handshake should be firm. Singaporeans may bow slightly as they shake your hand. Many Westerners are generally taller than Singaporeans, so it would be polite to give a small bow. A slight bow for Chinese or older people is polite. The head is considered sacred.
The foot is considered the lowest part of the body, and is thought to be unclean. The foot should never be used to point at someone, and you should never show the bottom of your feet.
Tapping your foot or fidgeting your legs denotes feebleness and lack of interest.
When crossing your legs, do so only by placing one knee over the other. Never signal or point at a person with the forefinger. Do not pound your first on an open palm; this is obscene. The forearm jerk is a rude gesture. Corporate Culture Westerners are expected to be punctual for social occasions and business meetings.
Call if you are delayed. Tardiness is viewed as a sign of disrespect. Business cards are exchanged upon being introduced. Exchange business cards with both hands after you are introduced. The government finances many of the large corporations in Singapore.
This bureaucratic system is known for its high efficiency and corruption-free business style. Western-style management is evident in large firms managed by Singaporeans. Personal contacts are important in business.
It takes several years to develop business relationships. Take time to know people before discussing business.
Singaporeans tend to get right down to business in meetings. Singaporeans are fast-paced and can make decisions quickly. You are expected to deliver reports, correspondence, packages, etc. Always talk straight and get right to the point with Singaporeans.
You can be direct when dealing with issues of money. Dining and Entertainment Dinner is the most common form of business entertainment, but it is a time to socialize and build relationships rather than discuss business. Most entertainment is done in restaurants. Food is usually put on the table with all dishes served at once and to be shared by all.
Drinks and appetizers are uncommon, though they are available in Western restaurants. Allow the host to order all the dishes.Singapore is an adventure, building upon itself, and is establishing a framework for success in culture and enterprise moving forward into the future. The Singapore Breakdown.
Population-wise, Singapore is now recognised as the second densest sovereign state in the world, with a . Gender Specific Language Use On Myspace characteristics of language use when representing themselves on their Myspace about me sections Introduction ( words) For my Language Investigation I .
World Englishes, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. –, Norms for pronunciation in Southeast Asia DAVID DETERDING∗ ABSTRACT: Some pronunciation features that are not found in Inner Circle varieties of English are shared by the Englishes of Singapore, the rest of ASEAN, and China, and in some cases they serve to distinguish pairs of words which are no longer differentiated by many.
Singapore has attempted to promote a national identity in its land of immigrants since its independence in As part of this effort, Singapore has four national languages: Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English.
"English is the main language in Singapore. People use it in school and at work. So, it is understandable that they will use English at home when they start a family, even if they did speak their. SECTION: LANGUAGE AND DISCOURSE LDMD I identity (also called the norm-developing varieties, such as Singapore English or Indian English), as well as the norm-dependent or exocentric varieties, where the norms are external (e.g.
the norms of American or British English apply to the usage of English in Korea, Iran, or.